KNB (Kemitraan Negara Berkembang – Developing Countries Partnership) program is a scholarship program provided by the Indonesian government to friendly countries since 1993. This program is Indonesia government’s concern as one of the founding fathers of Gerakan Non Blok (Non Aligned movement in order to contribute in the development of human resources quality in friendly countries. Additionally KNB scholarship program also aims to improve the quality of relationships among countries in the international association. Thus, when viewed from the political aspect, the existence of KNB scholarship program is very strategic.
Since 2002, after the cold war ended, KNB scholarship programs has begun to be offered to citizens of developing countries such as Thailand, Fiji, South Korea, Suriname, Guyana, Turkey, Vietnam, and Vanuatu. For years up to 2005, 243 students from 36 countries have completed the KNB scholarship program. KNB scholarship is offered to graduate students (Masters Degree) to study at one of the universities in Indonesia for 3 (three) years, consisting of 1 (one) year to learn Indonesian and master degree preparation program and 2 (two) years for completing master program.
The courses offered at KNB scholarship program are: (1) the humanities which consists of the study of literature, linguistics, history, philosophy, anthropology, and performing arts; (2) the field of science which consists of biology, physics, geography, chemistry, remote sensing, and computer; (3) agriculture which consist of agricultural economics, agronomy, soil science, plant pathology, forestry, entomology, animal science, veterinary science, agricultural engineering, food science and technology, and real crop product technology; (4) the field of social sciences which consist of public administration, political science, sociology, psychology, the study of development economics, and management science; (5) engineering which consists of chemical engineering, civil engineering, architectural engineering, electrical engineering and informatics, mechanical engineering, geology engineering, marine architectural engineering, environmental engineering, and informatics techniques; and (6) the field of education consisting of management education, research and evaluation of education, social science education, technology and vocational education, special education school, and applied linguistics.
KNB scholarship program is attended by students from various countries with different socio-cultural backgrounds. They have different customs, character, economic, social, and cultural those require special attention in its management. Small error in communicating with the student could potentially be a big problem, even possible to damage the relations between countries. Conversely, excellent and professional service in accordance with the guidelines that have been set will be able to improve the image of Indonesia in the eyes of the international students who are ambassadors of various nations. The alumni who got good cares and treatments during the KNB scholarship program will indirectly become ambassadors of our nation and can promote Indonesia in international views.
Each KNB scholar program student will also receive monthly money paid by the Depdikbud through the transfer to the account of the university where the students learn. In the neighborhood UPI, after receiving the transfer of the Ministry of National Education, the university then delivers monthly money to every international student participating in KNB scholarship program through the Office of International Education and Relations (OIER). The monthly payment includes living expenses, money for research needs, and book money.